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HTML Tutorial: Basic HTMLBelow are the tags every HTML document must have. In the past you could type the HTML tags in either lower case or capital letters, but there are a few that cause problems in certain browsers when entered in upper case.
Nowadays, because other languages such as XHTML require that tags be in lower case, and because many people are calling for the same requirement for HTML, I strongly urge you to code in lower case at all times. It may seem fussy, but cross-platform display consistency is the goal, and that can only be accomplished by having standards everyone follows.
These tags are the bare necessities:
<html> <head> <title> Title Text Goes Here </title> </head> <body>Content Area
</body> </html>That is the basic HTML skeleton, but it's not really as confusing as it looks. I've shown the HTML tags in red, but the tags themselves do not show up on a web page unless an error is made. They are in the "source code," which is simply the underlying text file that contains the HTML code and content you want displayed for people see.
The browser interprets the HTML tags in the source code and displays your content according to those tags. It may help you to understand the concept by thinking of HTML tags as little instruction sets that inform the browser how to display the actual content.
If the above code were a real web page, the words "Content Area" would be the only thing that would show up in a browser window.
Here's a brief explanation of each tag...
On the next page we'll introduce something new, tag attributes.
This was part two of a 4-part HTML Tutorial titled
HTML Tutorial: Basic HTML
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